In this guide, we will discuss how to locate what causing washing machine to leak from the bottom and possible solutions for top load machines and front load machines.
Top Load Washing Machines Possible Causes
When diagnosing the leaks of any washing machine, it is a good idea to start with the hoses that can be seen from the outside.
Not only do the clamps can be loose, but the hose can develop cracks from the constant rattling when the clamps are pinched.
Listed below will be some of the common places where a leak can be developed on the Top Load Washing Machines:
- Internal or External Water Hoses
- Drain Pump
- Drum Sealing or Bearings
For some people repairing a top load washing machine is a little simpler. Usually, you can access the parts of these types of washing machines with no assistance.
Top load washing machines are assembled from the bottom up. This means that disassembling is from the top down. With all of the heavy parts stationed at the bottom.
Commonly in washing machines, the water will be injected into the unit from the rear water hoses. So if the water is not leaking from the rear, you can be almost sure that it will be from a component at the bottom.
After you have disconnected the washing machine from the power supply, you can begin safely inspecting the machine.
In some situations, you may have to keep the washer machine plugged in to diagnose a leak.
For top load washing machines, the control panel is what needs to be removed first. Next is the door with the door fittings.
Internal or External Water Hoses
Some internal water hoses are located around the drum’s sides. Not near the electrical components or beneath the drum.
They are located in easily accessible places.
Some of the hoses will have seals/gaskets that help maintain and flesh contact against the water flow point.
Sometimes these seals wear out started to leak even with normal use.
For the hoses with no gaskets, you can determine that they are sealed to the water flow destination by a clamp of some sort.
Check that the clamp is tight and is evenly in position on the hose.
For the drain pump, its function is to drain the water. In many cases due to the age of the washing machine drain pump seals can start to leak.
Sometimes drain pump plastic hosing can be cracked and also will start to leak.
You need to watch on the drain pump for any white residues, usually caused by leaking water, cause the water contains calcium and when its dry out, you will be able to see white residues.
Drum Sealing or Bearing
A drum leak can be seen by adding some water to the washing machine.
The drum has a gasket that separates it from the drain.
Usually, you will be able can see pool of water right under the transmission if it was leaking.
Just fill the washer with water, by starting the wash cycle and then you need to stop it after a couple of minutes, in order to check for any leakage underneath.
Transmission drive shaft coming up through the bearings and the seals, right into the washer tub.
If no leak, then the problem, is not there. Let the washer machine run through a drain/spin cycle to remove the water.
Front Load Washing Machines Possible Causes
Usually, there are five places where the water will come from when leaking from the bottom components. Listed below will be common five places:
- Door Seal
- Drain Pump
- Drum Seals and Bearings
- Water Inlet Valve
- Soap Box
Soap Box or Detergent Dispenser
One of the common leak sources can be the hose connecting from the soap box to the drum.
This hose is exposed to lots of soap, which causes the rubber to deteriorate.
The soap box itself could be cracked, so be sure to inspect it as well. It may require adding some water.
Drain Pump or Filter
Sometimes, when the water leaks from the left side of the washing machine, it could mean that the water pump is the source.
This is a similar problem with all types of washing machines.
Drum Seals and Bearings
Locating a bad drum seal is easy, but to repair it is a little more complex. Usually, you need to take back cover OFF of the washing machine and you will see the motor shaft with bearings.
Can you see brown-ish color stains from there? if yes, drum seals damaged.
Also, If you see brown water of the floor or near the drum, this indicates that the seals that block the water from bearings have worn out.
So this allows water to get into the bearings directly.
This then pushes the oil from the bearings out. Sometimes this oiled water will stain your clothes on contact.
When the bearings themselves are worn out, the washing machine’s drums twists and turns will be a lot noisier than usual.
Which means the bearings themselves need to be replaced.
Again, this is not a simple repair and should be done very attentively.
If you see water leaking from the door of the machine, this indicates that there is a bad seal between the door and the machine.
This usually requires a little cleaning with a damp cloth or at most a new seal.
The usual places that leak from here are the door seal, the pump, split hose, or bearings. You should be able to see those components from beneath the washing machine.
Water Inlet Valve
Another common leak of the washing machines is the inlet pipe connected to water valve or just a valve itself.
The inlet pipe has to be tightened well enough that the seals are blocking any potential water exits.
When not tightened securely, the water will drip from the pipe insert.
You should be able to tighten is securely with your hands or a pair of pliers/grips.
Take note to be careful when tightening this hose, because the ends are usually very fragile plastic.
Cracking the plastic or bending it will result in a broken seal and will require a replacement inlet valve.
Hopefully this guide has helped you determine what causing the washing machine to leak from the bottom.
If you are still uncertain of the problem, it would be a better idea to contact a specialist for diagnosis repairs.